Challenge: Evaluate the suitability of NEREA® as a re-useable hrdroponic media to grow leafy greens in a greenhouse environment Solution: Small scale trials performed using lettuce and NEREA® as a hydroponic substitution for rockwool media Impact: Faster and more abundant germination of lettuce, which demonstrates a potential for shortened cropping and shortened time to harvest, allowing for the opportunity to grow more crops per year; future work should explore crop size consistency and a solid substrate containing NEREA®
International Zeolite (IZ) is an international marketer and supplier of natural zeolite and zeolite-infused products. IZ has recently established a contractual agreement with the Foundation of the University of Havana, Cuba.
Through this collaboration, IZ has acquired permission to test a zeolite-based substrate, embedded with nutrients, developed at the University of Havana called NEREA®, with the goal of assessing potential market adoption by and corresponding benefit to the greenhouse sector of agriculture in Canada and the US.
The NEREA® technology is based on charging zeolite with nutrients. It differs from conventional greenhouse hydroponic systems in that the plants access the nutrients from the zeolite and receive only water, rather than constantly replenishing nutrients in solution.
A small-scale trial on leafy greens, specifically lettuce, in Niagara College’s greenhouse hydroponic system, was performed using NEREA® as substrate embedded with nutrients. NEREA® acted as a hydroponic substrate substitution for rockwool media. Crop performance was measured from germination to harvest in the trial comparing NEREA® and rockwool (Oasis®) as substrates.
Results showed that the NEREA® substrate demonstrated faster and more abundant germination of Lactuca sativa (lettuce) var. ‘Buttercrunch’. Faster germination in NEREA® demonstrated a potential for shortened cropping, allow more crops grown per year. NEREA® provided nutrients for leaf and root growth with no observable deficiencies from the control, indicating that NEREA® can provide all necessary nutrients for growth of Lettuce over 28 days. Lettuce grown in NEREA® was larger with more leaves than in Oasis®. Seedlings in NEREA® were however inconsistent in size, leading to potential variability at harvest. Future research using a solid substrate containing NEREA® may offer improved size consistency.
International Zeolite and Niagara College’s Horticultural & Environmental Sciences Innovation Centre (HESIC) have an ongoing agreement in place that provides priority and support for research projects in relationship to IZ’s proprietary NEREA® technology, which will be carried out by HESIC.
Visit Niagara College’s Horticultural & Environmental Sciences Innovation Centre page to learn more about its resources and capabilities.